Ellen's Journey

Κυλίστε προς τα κάτω τη δεξιά στήλη για να εξερευνήσετε τον χάρτη. Τα γεωγραφικά όρια του χάρτη είναι τα σημερινά και ενδέχεται να διαφέρουν αρκετά από την εποχή του Β’ Παγκοσμίου Πολέμου.

Ellen’s journey starts in Kӧnigsberg in East Prussia, then a part of Germany, where she was born on 17 January 1922.

She lived here with her mother, father, and two brothers
– Gert and Heinz.
This photograph is taken from the family’s flat in Königsberg. It shows people on Ellen’s street giving the straight arm Hitler salute as a Nazi parade passes by.


In 1938, Ellen went to Mannheim to learn how to sew. While here, she witnessed the anti-Jewish November Pogrom. Following that, Ellen sought refuge with her mother’s cousin, who was married to an American in Heidelberg where it was safer. Despite this, Ellen had to stay inside the flat for two or three weeks, because it wasn’t safe for Jewish people to go outside.

This is Ellen’s permit, which allowed her to come to England. It includes her date of birth, her parent’s details, and place of origin.


After the November Pogrom, Ellen’s mother arranged for her to escape to England on the Kindertransport. Ellen travelled back to Königsberg where her father then accompanied her to Berlin. The whole family came to the train station in Königsberg to see her off.

Ellen arrived in London on the Kindertransport and initially spent a week in Islington Hospital. She then moved around repeatedly as she worked as domestic help for eight different families. This was a difficult time for Ellen, as she couldn’t speak English and missed her family terribly.


This postal coupon made correspondence back to Kӧnigsberg possible.
This envelope is addressed to Ellen, who at the time was living in Nottinghamshire. The letter within it was written by Ellen's parents, Hans and Margarethe, who had been forced into a γκέτο with Ellen's youngest brother, Heinz.

When the war broke out, Ellen was evacuated to Maidenhead, where she tried to find a job. Without a work permit, this proved difficult, but she was finally hired as a machinist. Eventually, Ellen married and moved to Nottingham where she settled. Later in life, she began speaking about her experience of persecution and being a refugee. She worked closely with the National Holocaust Centre and Museum to share her story.



Οι Ναζί σχεδίαζαν τη μαζική εκτόπιση των Ευρωπαίων Εβραίων σε στρατόπεδα εξόντωσης στην κατεχόμενη από τους Γερμανούς Πολωνία. Οι Εβραίοι αναγκάστηκαν να συγκεντρωθούν σε κεντρικά σημεία, όπως σε μια συναγωγή ή στην πλατεία της πόλης, και στη συνέχεια στριμώχνονταν σε εμπορευματικά ή επιβατικά τρένα, με περιορισμένες ή καθόλου συνθήκες τροφής ή υγιεινής. Τα ταξίδια συχνά διαρκούσαν αρκετές ημέρες ή και ορισμένες φορές μερικές εβδομάδες. Πολλοί από αυτούς που στριμώχνονταν σε αυτά τα τρένα πέθαναν κατά τη διάρκεια του ταξιδιού προς τους καταυλισμούς λόγω της πείνας ή του συνωστισμού.