Daniel's Object

Inmate uniform from Auschwitz death camp, #182477

Auschwitz uniforms were kept by many of those who had suffered at the camp, long after the war had finished, as they were an important aspect of their survival.

Retaining a uniform without large rips or tears at the camp sometimes meant the difference between life and death, as it provided essential warmth and protection.

In most camps, prisoners were stripped of their own clothes and forced to wear a uniform. Typically, this uniform was patterned with blue stripes, although this wasn’t always the case. Some uniforms had pockets, which were extremely useful for concealing extra rations or keeping useful luxuries, such as spoons or cutlery, safe.


Daniel carefully preserved his uniform and took care of it as a precious item. Not only did he wash it, but he also changed the buttons. He donated it to the Jewish Museum of Greece in 1977.

If your uniform was damaged, or part of it was misplaced while you showered, no replacement would be provided, and so in some ways, they became seen as precious items. It’s possible that’s exactly how Daniel viewed his.


Auschwitz uniforms were kept by many who had suffered at the camp, as they were an important aspect of their survival



Το Μαουτχάουζεν ήταν ένα ναζιστικό συγκρότημα στρατοπέδων που ιδρύθηκε από τα γερμανικά SS στην Αυστρία το 1938 αμέσως μετά το Anschluss, την ενσωμάτωση της Αυστρίας στο Τρίτο Ράιχ, με δεκάδες υποστρατόπεδα. To Έμπενζεε (1943-1945) ήταν ένα από τα σημαντικότερα υποστρατόπεδα του Μαουτχάουζεν. Σχεδόν 200.000 κρατούμενοι πέρασαν από το σύστημα του στρατοπέδου του Μαουτχάουζεν μεταξύ Αυγούστου 1938 και Μαΐου 1945. Τουλάχιστον 95.000 πέθαναν εκεί. Περισσότεροι από 14.000 από αυτούς ήταν Εβραίοι.


Το Άουσβιτς-Μπίρκεναου είναι το πιο διαβόητο από όλα τα ναζιστικά στρατόπεδα και στην πραγματικότητα αποτελούνταν από τρία κύρια στρατόπεδα, γνωστά ως Άουσβιτς Ι, Άουσβιτς ΙΙ – Μπίρκεναου και Άουσβιτς ΙΙΙ – Μονόβιτς-Μπούνα. Σε αυτό το συγκρότημα στρατοπέδων ανήκαν επίσης περίπου 45 υποστρατόπεδα. Πάνω από 1,1 εκατομμύριο άνθρωποι δολοφονήθηκαν εκεί, και πάνω από το 90% από αυτούς ήταν Εβραίοι.


Το Χαϊδάρι είναι μια συνοικία που απέχει 9 χλμ. από το κέντρο της Αθήνας. Κατά τη διάρκεια της ιταλικής κατοχής στην Ελλάδα χτίστηκε στην περιοχή στρατόπεδο, το οποίο λειτούργησε μόνο για λίγες μέρες. Από τον Σεπτέμβριο του 1941 η Sicherheitdienst (SD), μια ειδική υπηρεσία ασφαλείας των Γερμανών, είχε τη διοίκηση του Χαϊδαρίου, το οποίο αρχικά χρησίμευε ως διαμετακομιστικό στρατόπεδο στα μεγάλα στρατόπεδα συγκέντρωσης στην Ευρώπη, ιδιαίτερα στο Άουσβιτς και στο Νταχάου. Λειτουργούσε κυρίως ως κέντρο κράτησης εσωτερικών πολιτικών αντιπάλων. Το Χαϊδάρι ήταν διαβόητο για τον υποσιτισμό, την καταναγκαστική εργασία, τα βασανιστήρια και τις εκτελέσεις.

Haidari Concentration Camp

Haidari is a quarter located 9 km away from the center of Athens, the Greek capital. During the Italian occupation of Greece, a military camp was built in the area, which operated only for a few days. From September 1941 the Sicherheitdienst (SD), a special Nazi security service, had command of Haidari, which initially served as a transit camp to major concentration camps in Europe, especially Auschwitz and Dachau. It functioned primarily as a detention center for internal political opponents. Haidari was notorious for malnutrition, forced labor, torture and executions.

Mauthausen Concentration Camp

Mauthausen was a Nazi camp complex established by the German SS in Austria in 1938 right after the Anschluss, the incorporation of Austria into the Third Reich, with dozens of subcamps. Ebensee (1943-1945) was among the most important subcamps of Mauthausen. Almost 200,000 prisoners passed through the Mauthausen camp system between August 1938 and May 1945. At least 95,000 died there. More than 14,000 of them were Jewish.


Auschwitz-Birkenau is the most infamous of all Nazi camps and actually consisted of three main camps, known as Auschwitz I, Auschwitz II – Birkenau and Auschwitz III – Monowitz-Buna. There were also around 45 sub-camps around these sites. Over 1.1 million people were murdered at this site, and over 90% of them were Jewish.


The Nazis planned the mass-deporation of European Jews to extermination camps in German-occupied Poland. The Jews were forced to gather at local sites, such as a synagogue or town square, and then crammed onto freight or passenger trains, with limited or no food or sanitary conditions. Journeys often lasted several days, and sometimes they took a few weeks. Many of those packed onto these trains died during the journey to the camps through starvation or overcrowding.